Orientation and Mobility for Children Who Are Blind or Low Vision
People who are blind or Low Vision must learn to orient to their surroundings and move independently and safely across a variety of environments with the use of their remaining senses, learned travel skills and techniques, and mobility tools. An orientation and mobility (O&M) specialist provides training and instruction in these competencies. If your child is not yet working with an O&M specialist.
To learn more about O&M, how it is taught, and the essential role of family members in O&M development, explore the following articles:
- What Is O&M and Why Teach It?
- Who Is the Orientation and Mobility Specialist and How Can I Best Work with Him?
- How Will My Child Be Evaluated for O&M?
- Why Is Community-Based O&M Instruction Important?
- What Are Adaptive Mobility Devices (AMDs), Precanes, and Long Canes?
- What Are Transportation Options for Nondrivers?
- How Can I Support O&M Instruction for My Child Who Uses a Wheelchair?
O&M for Babies Who Are Blind or Low Vision
- How Do Specialists Approach O&M Training for Babies and Toddlers and How Can I Support Instruction at Home?
O&M for Preschoolers Who Are Blind or Low Vision
- How Do O&M Specialists Approach Instruction for Preschoolers and How Can I Support Instruction at Home?
- What Activities Can Promote O&M Skills in Young Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired?
- How Can Parents Help Preschoolers Practice Orientation and Mobility Skills?
O&M for Grade Schoolers Who Are Blind or Low Vision
- How Do O&M Specialists Approach Instruction for Grade Schoolers and How Can I Support Instruction at Home?
- What Activities Promote O&M Skills in Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired?
- How Can I Help My Child Orient to School Buildings?
- How Can I Use Compass Directions with My Child Who Is Blind or Visually Impaired?
- How Can I Help My Child Master Cardinal Directions?
- How Can I Create a Tactile Map for My Child’s Use?